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How the NCAA No Pay Rules Affect Female Athletes

April 14, 2021 at 12:30 pm - 1:45 pm EDT

About the Program

While the college sports industry generates upwards of $13 billion per year, many of the athletes who compete in college sports live below the poverty line and under the strict control of their colleges and athletic conferences. These athletes will often compete in stadiums and arenas that are filled with corporate endorsements.  And, yet, the players themselves have traditionally been denied the opportunity to profit from signing endorsement deals or otherwise profiting from their talents.

Recently, California State Senator Nancy Skinner has attempted to increase the financial freedoms of college athletes in California by working to pass the Fair Pay to Play Act, which would allow for California college athletes to earn money by licensing the rights to their name, image and likeness. State Senator Skinner has lauded the Fair Pay to Play Act as enhancing financial opportunity for all college athletes – including female competitors.  However, others are more skeptical about who will be the bill’s primary beneficiaries.

Join the Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity on April 14th as Baruch College Professor Marc Edelman, an expert on sports law and the rights of college athletes, will lead a discussion with State Senator Skinner and other national experts who have testified on the subject of the NCAA no pay rule, how the rule uniquely affects female athletes, and what may be in store for the future of women’s NCAA sports.

A full list of speakers include:

Tan Boston, Visiting Assistant Professor of Law, Northern Kentucky University

Marc Edelman, Director of Sports Ethics, Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity and Professor, Law Department, Zicklin School of Business at Baruch College

Hayley Hodson, Former Stanford University Volleyball Player, UCLA Law Student and Activist

Dionne Koller, Professor of Law & Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Director of Center for Sport and the Law, University of Baltimore School of Law 

Nancy Skinner, State Senator, California’s 9th Senate District

About the Speakers


Professor Boston serves as a visiting assistant professor of law at Northern Kentucky University Salmon P. Chase College of Law (NKU), where she teaches Property and U.C.C. Sales and Secured Transactions. She is also a recent appointee to the Executive Board for the Sports Law Section of the Association of American Law Schools. Prior to joining NKU’s law faculty, Professor Boston served as director of the Master of Laws and Master in the Study of Law programs and as a visiting assistant professor at the University of Dayton School of Law.

Having published several articles on the evolution of NCAA amateurism, Professor Boston draws upon previous work experience in the governance and general counsel departments of the National Collegiate Athletic Association.  Her latest article As California Goes, So Goes the Nation: A Title IX Analysis of the Fair Pay to Play Act will appear this Spring in the Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties. Professor Boston received her B.A. from Florida Atlantic University, J.D. from University of Virginia School of Law and LL.M. from University of Dayton School of Law.


Marc Edelman, Esq., is the Director of Sports Ethics for the Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity.  He is also a Professor in the Law Department in the Zicklin School of Business at Baruch College, where he teaches courses in antitrust law, gaming law, intellectual property and sports law. Professor Edelman has published upwards of 60 law review articles on topics including how the Sherman Act applies to professional sports leagues, how gaming laws apply to fantasy sports contests, and how both antitrust laws and labor laws apply within the realm of college sports.  He is recognized as one of the leading voices in the movement to reform college sports for the wellbeing of student-athletes.

Professor Edelman holds a J.D. from Michigan Law School, an M.S. Ed. (Higher Education Administration) from the Marxe School of Public and International Affairs, an M.A. (Sports Management) from the University of Michigan, and a B.S. (Economics) from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School.  Before entering academia, Professor Edelman practiced antitrust and sports law with the New York offices of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher and Flom LLP.  He continues to consult for professional sports teams, sports labor unions, and companies in the sports gambling and fantasy sports industries.



Hayley Hodson is an advocate, filmmaker, and former Stanford University volleyball player currently pursuing her Juris Doctor degree at the UCLA School of Law. Hodson competed on both the Women’s Indoor and Beach Volleyball teams at Stanford before having to medically retire after a series of concussions. A former USA Women’s National Team player, AVCA National Freshman of the Year, and a collegiate All-American, Hodson is a fierce advocate for college athletes. She is passionate about issues such as gender equity in sports and entertainment, brain injury and mental health awareness, and health and safety best practices in college sports. Her story was featured recently in the LA Times and on Inside Edition. Hodson testified in the California State Legislature in support of Senate Bill 206 & 26 and has been featured discussing athlete rights on VICE News, The Today Show, and NBC Nightly News. 



Dionne Koller is a Professor of Law and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the University of Baltimore School of Law where she teaches Civil Procedure I and II, Advanced Civil Procedure, Sports and the Law, and directs the law school’s Center for Sport and the Law. Prior to entering law teaching, Professor Koller was an attorney with Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, L.L.P. in Washington, D.C. Professor Koller has published numerous book chapters and scholarly articles in the area of Olympic and amateur sports and is a frequent media commentator on issues related to sports and the law.

Professor Koller has served as chair and as a member of the Executive Board for the Sports Law Section of the Association of American Law Schools and is a member of the United States Anti-Doping Agency’s Anti-Doping Review Board. Professor Koller was awarded the University of Baltimore’s President’s Faculty Award for excellence in teaching, scholarship, and service and the Law School’s James May Faculty Award for excellence in teaching. Professor Koller earned her J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University Law School and an M.A. in Philosophy and Social Policy from the George Washington University.



California state Senator Nancy Skinner, D-Berkeley, is the author of SB 206, the Fair Pay to Play Act, which was signed into law on Sept. 30, 2019. The landmark law made California the first state in the nation to enact legislation allowing college athletes to earn money from their name, image, and likeness. It’s scheduled to take effect Jan. 1, 2023.

The passage of SB 206 also prompted the NCAA to vote unanimously on Oct. 29, 2019 to launch a process to allow college athletes to benefit for the first time from their name, image, and likeness (NIL).

The success of SB 206 also spurred 30 other states to introduce legislation similar to SB 206 or announce plans to do so, and five states have enacted NIL laws. In addition, both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives are considering NIL proposals.

In December 2020, Sen. Skinner introduced SB 26, a follow-up to SB 206. The new legislation would move up the implementation date of the Fair Pay to Play Act to no later than Jan. 1, 2022. It would also allow college athletes to earn money from their “athletic reputation,” which means that they would be able to specify what university they attend in commercials and advertisements.

A graduate of UC Berkeley, Sen. Skinner was elected to the California state Senate in 2016 and reelected in 2020. Previously, she served six years in the California Assembly. Her legislative areas of interest include criminal justice reform, social justice issues, civil rights, the environment, and housing. A sports fan, especially of the Cal Bears, Sen. Skinner is a longtime resident of Berkeley.



To register and receive Zoom details, please click here


April 14, 2021
12:30 pm - 1:45 pm




Robert Zicklin Center for Corporate Integrity